Friday, August 31, 2012

Yonkers raw sewage discharge 8/28/12 - sampling results and public notification

A SPDES outfall immediately south of the Yonkers Paddling & Rowing Club is discharging raw sewage 24/7. It was brought to Riverkeeper’s attention in July by members of the public.

Riverkeeper sampled for Enterococcus on Thursday 7/26/12 at 1015 and again on Tuesday 8/28/12 at 1305.

See reports and sample results below. Most recent at top.

View of the Yonkers Rowing Club and outfall. The outfall is under the bulkhead on the right side of the photo directly below the green SPDES sign.

On 8/28 there was sewage smell and the discharge was considerably harder from the outfall than at first visit on 7/26. Sampled directly from discharge at 1305.

Federal guideline for primary contact in fresh water: Enterococcus not to exceed 61 per 100ml.

Processed sample using 3 dilution levels to increase measurable range:
#1 (no dilution) result: >2420 Entero/100ml
#2 (1/10 dilution) result: >24,196 Entero/100ml
#3 (1/20 dilution) result: >48,392 Entero/100ml

IDEXX trays, #1 through #3, left to right.

On 7/26 we visited Rowing Club with Bob Walters, clear sewage smell in the air. Sampled discharge directly from pipe at low tide just south of the Rowing Club property under the public pier where it entered a shallow trench leading into the river. Discharge volume was relatively low.

Federal guideline for primary contact in fresh water: Enterococcus not to exceed 61 per 100ml.

Sampled at 1015. Processed on sample only.

#1 (no dilution) result: >2420 Entero/100ml

Tuesday, August 14, 2012

Westchester Sewage Release

On Thursday 8/9/2012, I sampled at the two discharge points, Yonkers and Tarrytown, both inshore and offshore. I also sampled at Irvington between the discharges and at Ossining because it had been flooding past both discharge points. Five of seven samples were “acceptable” – very low contamination.

All stations sampled (except exploratory site at Castle Oil at border of Tarrytown and Sleepy Hollow) are regular Riverkeeper monthly sampling locations.

If you look at our historical data at these sample sites you’ll see that contamination is often present and significant – when there is NOT a sewer main break. Chronic wet weather discharges are the real problem, not the accidents.

Yonkers mid channel: sampled at 1400, Entero MPN <10/100ml, flooding
Yonkers inshore at mouth of Saw Mill (one discharge was in Saw Mill): sampled at 1410, Entero MPN 10/100ml, flooding
Irvington at Boat Club beach: sampled at 1505, Entero MPN <10/100ml, flooding
Tappan Zee mid channel: sampled at 1555, Entero MPN <10/100ml, flooding
Tarrytown Marina (one discharge was in Andre Brook, off Marina): sampled at 1610, Entero MPN >24,200, high tide, smelly, discolored grey, brown water
Castle Oil terminal (one discharge near kayak launch here): sampled at 1725, Entero MPN 84/100ml, high tide, now odor or discoloration.
Ossining moorings and beach: sampled at 1810, Entero MPN <10/100ml, end of flood.

EPA guideline: Over 104 Entero/100ml is “unacceptable” for swimming and primary contact 

The estimated volume of the Westchester discharge was approx. 3 million gallon/day – it flowed about 29 hours / approx. 3.4 million gallons

For contrast, NYC discharges 28 BILLION gallons from CSOs annually – combined rain water and sewage.

About 20% of that is sewage – so 5.6 billion gallons is the sewage component.

Assuming 50 CSO events per year we get an average 112 million gallons of SEWAGE per CSO event – some more, some less.

So this Westchester release was minor compared with the chronic releases in NYC and elsewhere during rain events.

Regarding the Ironman Triathlon, I think the swimmers probably lucked out. Although it rain hard on Friday it did not rain all that long and then the rain held off overnight. My guess is that they had acceptable WQ Saturday morning. I was tempted to go early and sample but didn’t because IF the WQ had been bad we would have appeared to be real spoilers publicizing it after the fact. I want to address this issue without beating up on people.

And of course next year NYC will have to notify when CSOs deploy because RIVERKEEPER GOT THE “SEWAGE RIGHT TO KNOW ACT PASSED!

Saw Mill river entering Hudson at Yonkers. Sewage discharge was into Saw Mill a short distance inland 
Beach at Irvington Boat Club 
A guy crabbing right at the entrance to Tarrytown Marina. He didn’t want to hear about a sewage spill. 
Cloudy surface layer in Tarrytown Marina 

Andre Brook empties into Tarrytown Marina. There is a CSO or Bypass in Andre Brook 

SPDES sign at discharge point in Andre Brook 

Andre Brook 

Castle Oil / kayak launch. Chlorine tanker visible inland. Health Department was chlorinating this outfall.